A comparison of william k clifford and william james essays

Keckler, University of New Mexico, finding a clear deterrent in the death penalty for those who murder and do not fear prison. The Case of Illinois," by Dale O.

A comparison of william k clifford and william james essays

The algebra of dual quaternions is used to express screw displacementa common mapping in kinematics. The former symbolizes his metaphysical conception, suggested to him by his reading of Spinoza. Briefly put, the conception is that mind is the one ultimate reality; not mind as we know it in the complex forms of conscious feeling and thought, but the simpler elements out of which thought and feeling are built up.

The hypothetical ultimate element of mind, or atom of mind-stuff, precisely corresponds to the hypothetical atom of matter, being the ultimate fact of which the material atom is the phenomenon. Matter and the sensible universe are the relations between particular organisms, that is, mind organized into consciousnessand the rest of the world.

This leads to results which would in a loose and popular sense be called materialist. But the theory must, as a metaphysical theory, be reckoned on the idealist side.

A comparison of william k clifford and william james essays

To speak technically, it is an idealist monism. That element of which, as we have seen, even the simplest feeling is a complex, I shall call Mind-stuff. When molecules are so combined together as to form the film on the under side of a jelly-fish, the elements of mind-stuff which go along with them are so combined as to form the faint beginnings of Sentience.

When the molecules are so combined as to form the brain and nervous system of a vertebrate, the corresponding elements of mind-stuff are so combined as to form some kind of consciousness; that is to say, changes in the complex which take place at the same time get so linked together that the repetition of one implies the repetition of the other.

When matter takes the complex form of a living human brain, the corresponding mind-stuff takes the form of a human consciousness, having intelligence and volition.

Animated by an intense love of his conception of truth and devotion to public duty, he waged war on such ecclesiastical systems as seemed to him to favour obscurantismand to put the claims of sect above those of human society. The alarm was greater, as theology was still unreconciled with Darwinism ; and Clifford was regarded as a dangerous champion of the antispiritual tendencies then imputed to modern science.

This paper was famously attacked by pragmatist philosopher William James in his " Will to Believe " lecture. Often these two works are read and published together as touchstones for the debate over evidentialismfaithand overbelief.

Premonition of relativity[ edit ] Though Clifford never constructed a full theory of spacetime and relativitythere are some remarkable observations he made in print that foreshadowed these modern concepts: In his book Elements of Dynamiche introduced "quasi-harmonic motion in a hyperbola".

He wrote an expression for a parametrized unit hyperbolawhich other authors later used as a model for relativistic velocity. Elsewhere he states, The geometry of rotors and motors The book continues with a chapter "On the bending of space", the substance of general relativity.

Clifford also discussed his views in On the Space-Theory of Matter in The boldness of this speculation is surely unexcelled in the history of thought. Up to the present, however, it presents the appearance of an Icarian flight.

Years later, after general relativity had been advanced by Albert Einsteinvarious authors noted that Clifford had anticipated Einstein: In Hermann Weyl mentioned Clifford [19] as one of those who, like Bernhard Riemannanticipated the geometric ideas of relativity.

There on pages and he discusses the prescience of Clifford on relativity: Bolder even than Riemann, Clifford confessed his belief that matter is only a manifestation of curvature in a space-time manifold.

As a rule, those mathematical prophets who never descend to particulars make the top scores. Almost anyone can hit the side of a barn at forty yards with a charge of buckshot.

Clifford Geertz - Wikipedia

Also inat Stanford University for the International Congress for Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science, John Archibald Wheeler introduced his geometrodynamics formulation of general relativity by crediting Clifford as the initiator.

Such speculations were automatically premature and could not lead to anything constructive without an intermediate link which demanded the extension of 3-dimensional geometry to the inclusion of time.Francis Bacon, 1st Viscount St.

Alban KC (22 January – 9 April ) was an English philosopher, statesman and initiativeblog.com his death, he remained extremely influential through his works, especially as philosophical advocate and practitioner of the scientific .

THE SPIKE.

Fifty Orwell Essays

It was late-afternoon. Forty-nine of us, forty-eight men and one woman, lay on the green waiting for the spike to open. We were too tired to talk much. 31) I Knock At The Door by Sean O'Casey.

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32) Selected Plays by Sean O'Casey. 33) The Green Crow by Sean O'Casey. 34) Golden Boy by Clifford Odets. 35) Clash By Night by Clifford Odets. Top 10% Absolutely Positively the Best 30 Death Penalty Websites on the Internet (Top 1%) Death Penalty Information Center Probably the single most comprehensive and authoritative internet rersource on the death penalty, including hundreds of anti-death penalty articles, essays, and quotes on issues of deterrence, cost, execution of the innocent, racism, public opinion, women, juveniles.

This section provides us with two selections from the essays of William K. Clifford () and William James (). Clifford's essay, The Ethics of . 1. The Ethics of Belief: A brief history Origins of the debate. The locus classicus of the ethics of belief debate is, unsurprisingly, the essay that christened it.

“The Ethics of Belief” was published in by Cambridge mathematician and philosopher William Kingdon Clifford, in a journal called Contemporary initiativeblog.com the outset of the essay, Clifford defends the stringent principle.

William Kingdon Clifford - Wikipedia