Use my model essay below to develop ideas. There is a list of useful vocabulary and useful links below the model answer. Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages? Remember there are a number of different ways of writing this essay question and this model answer offers one way.
Lawyers who appeared at the Old Bailey in the eighteenth century hardly ever made it to the very top of the legal profession. They were often accused of being ignorant of the law and of a general incivility, something that was also said to characterise their bullying of witnesses.
Such accusations were not always unfounded. In general, the Proceedings fail to report the legal arguments of prosecution and defence lawyers, preferring instead to concentrate on the confrontation between the victim and the accused. For the Prosecution There were very few lawyers at trials at the Old Bailey until the s, and even for many decades after that the presence of lawyers was the exception rather than the rule.
Prosecutors had always been allowed to have lawyers, but very few did so until the s and s.
essay Trial courts sometimes attempt to limit access and reporting on pretrial court matters out of a concern that the pretrial publicity will affect the defendants' right to a fair trial. These court-ordered restrictions can range from outright bans on media reporting to gag orders on the trial participants to the closing of courtroom. Sep 22, · The most important thing is that you were extremely educated on both the Salem Witch Trials and the present-day American court system, which is a necesity for writing an essay like this. Overall, your essay was awesome, and other than the spelling mistakes, it could not be better! The Medias Effect on Courts and Trials The 21st century is slowly becoming known as an era of the media. Almost any event that happens will have some kind of media coverage, whether it is, international, national, state wide or local. This might not be considered a bad thing, until a person.
Their use was encouraged by the growing government practice, from the late s, of funding prosecutions for the most serious offences, such as cases of seditious words and libel, treason, coining, and violent offences such as murder, rape, and robbery. Once their presence as government prosecutors had been accepted, their services were gradually exploited by prosecutors in other cases.
It was merchants and shopkeepers who hired prosecuting counsel in significant numbers. The use of prosecuting lawyers was further encouraged by a statute which allowed the courts to reimburse the expences of poor prosecutors if a conviction was obtained. A statute extended the payment of expences to all prosecutors of successful cases.
By the use of prosecution counsel was widespread. Prosecution briefs written for some publicly funded cases have survived in The National Archives among the Treasury Solicitor's papers and are listed among the Associated Records.
For the Defence Defendants in misdemeanour cases and treason cases from could also employ legal representation, but they were excluded in felony cases except for the purpose of raising narrow points of law until the mids.
The justification for this prohibition was that they were thought unnecessary: Moreover, judges were thought capable of looking out for defendants' interests.
However, the increasing number of prosecution lawyers from the early s appears to have led the courts to allow defence lawyers in order to help maintain a balance. In addition, the concerns generated by "blood money cases" and the use of corrupt thief-takers encouraged the judiciary to permit counsel to raise points of law on behalf of the accused.
Even so, defence lawyers were not allowed to summarise the case in an address to the jury until In any case, they were rarely used until the late eighteenth century; and even in only between a quarter and a third of defendants in property cases had counsel.
The biggest influence exercised by defence lawyers on trials was through the cross-examination of prosecution witnesses. Defence counsel was often able to question the motives of the prosecutor in bringing the case, and of witnesses for testifying for the prosecutor.
When the principals were eligible to receive a reward for a successful conviction, as was the case with thief-takers, or, could earn immunity from prosecution for testifying against accomplices, their word in court was open to doubt.
This led to the expectation that evidence from accomplices should be corroborated by another witness. Defence lawyers also contributed to increased scepticism about hearsay evidence and pre-trial confessions, and their participation meant that in some cases defendants no longer needed to speak at all.
This eventually led to defendants acquiring the privilege of remaining silent; and in the process contributed to shifting the burden of proof onto the prosecutor.
Over the course of the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries the balance of power in the courtroom, which had been heavily weighted against defendants, shifted marginally back in their direction. With the exception of cases of murder, however, this shift occurred only for those who could afford the cost of a lawyer.
In the s, judges began to assign lawyers to speak on behalf of prisoners accused of serious offences. It was also possible for poor prisoners to secure legal representation by applying to defend in forma pauperis or to find funding for legal assistance through a benefactor.
The sheriffs of London provided a fund for such assistance from the early nineteenth century. However, relatively few defendants benefitted from these provisions. Although what they said was often omitted or abridged in the Proceedings, judges examined witnesses and the accused and summed up the case at the end of the trial, often clearly stating their own views on the merits of the prosecution.Trial courts and appellate courts also differ in other ways, such as the presentation of evidence, timing and the ruling party.
Differences Between Trial & Appeal Court | initiativeblog.com Categories. Trials and verdicts Name Course Instructor Date TRIALS AND VERDICTS Processes related to courts The case of Desiree Childers, who was accused of murdering her infant child in Madison, Alabama, and her husband found the child floating in a bath tub in This sample Criminal Courts Research Paper is published for educational and informational purposes only.
The trial courts at the federal level are the U.S. district courts. There are 94 districts in the United States.
Courts do have some role in developing the law. However, the courts which do so tend to be the courts of appeal, and the supreme courts, or in the case of Britain, the Judicial Committee of . This sample Criminal Courts Research Paper is published for educational and informational purposes only. The trial courts at the federal level are the U.S. district courts. There are 94 districts in the United States. Admission Essay Writing Service; Annotated Bibliography Writing Service;. Salem Witch Trials essay writing service, custom Salem Witch Trials papers, term papers, free Salem Witch Trials samples, research papers, help role in bringing the whole issue to an initiativeblog.com also did influence how cases are conducted in the courts where there has been some incredible change in the standards of initiativeblog.com caution has.
Admission Essay Writing Service; Annotated Bibliography Writing Service;. CIVIL TRIALS CONTENTS Page governs only courts which sit under the authority of the United States,16 including courts in the territories17 and the District of Columbia,18 and does not apply generally to state courts But when a state court is enforcing a federally created right, of which.
Trial Analysis The procedures that are followed in the criminal trials today have been carefully fine tuned throughout history. The consistent set of procedures is followed by both the federal and state governments and is designed to provide a fair trial for the defendant.
Cameras in courtrooms. Type: ESSAY. The U.S. Supreme Court held in that states may adopt rules permitting cameras and recording equipment in their courts.
Since then, all 50 states have done so, but the rules vary widely. In some states visual and audio coverage is permitted in all types of court proceedings that are public, and in others.