In the social sciences, ecological theories, research, and intervention models focus on the complex, dynamic, and reciprocal relationships between human organisms and a range of environmental contexts, from family and immediate milieu to larger sociocultural, political, and institutional arrangements. Conceptually, the ecological framework is a broad, overarching paradigm or metatheory, bridging several fields of theory and research, and orienting practitioners and researchers to the importance of integrative, multilevel, and multidimensional approaches to person-environment relationships. Despite concerns that it is overly abstract and difficult to operationalize and use systematically in practice, the ecological or ecological systems framework has been widely influential, informing a range of practice and research applications and a growing interdisciplinary body of research literature. In social work, three lines of ecological inquiry have been particularly influential:
More Essay Examples on Family Rubric Here we see that the idea of objectivity is replaced with the notion of personal objectivity or more correctly subjectivity. Perception and belief relates to an individual and hence from this definition the idea of reality becomes a personal reality.
First and second order cybernetics Already from the definition of reality we have somewhat of an opposing view of what reality is or could be. This difference of view point is similar to how first and second order cybernetics would define reality. From a first order cybernetic perspective one could ask what really is reality?
This question would not be in line with a second order approach in that the previous question gives rise to the idea of there being a single construct or value for reality.
A truth that is discoverable and obtainable that can then be used as an example that can possibly be put onto a pedestal for a group of people to view it.
The Ecosystemic family therapy of a finite truth and there being a real world that can be known with objective certainty is contrary to a second order perspective. The challenge from second order cybernetics Maturana challenged the way we assume to perceive reality.
His findings conclude that there would be no way to be sure of what we think we see is actually there.
Maturana proposed a self-enclosed nervous system. Reality is seen as a social construct. For each person, their reality is both personally true and valid.
A storied reality is assumed from a second order cybernetics perspective. The observer and reality From a first order epistemological stance, the therapist perceives reality as something that one can discover through a process of observation without being influenced by this process.
The therapist thus can discover and treat problems from an outside stance in order to initiate change.
Second order cybernetics sees the observer as part of the observed. Reality is self-referential with no reference to an outside environment.
The system is seen as closed with in-tact boundaries where only negative feedback may be defined. There is an emphasis on internal structure and structural determinism. Reality is something that can never be completely understood from another individual in an absolute truth.
The therapy process is influenced by the realities of everyone involved as the process takes place in a larger societal context.
They also both focus on context and the importance of communication. To gain an understanding of this context requires and investigation of individual perceptions and meanings as well as the overarching social system within which the relationships are included.
Both have a focus on an idea of a relational context. How is health and pathology addressed by each approach? Introduction To define pathology one would need to have a reference of normalcy. The idea of a reference is often found in first-order approaches such as in the structural family therapy approach.
Here there needs to be a model of normality against which to base its assumptions of deviance. This acts as a reference Minuchin, From these statements one could deduce that there is a notion of what is healthy and what is not.Ecosystemic Structural Family Therapy (ESFT) Overview ESFT is a treatment for children and families experiencing behavioral or relational challenges and is based on the theory that change in family structure contributes to change in the behavior of individual members.
ESFT begins with the fundamental. The faculty is recognized for developing Transitional Family Therapy, a model that blends transgenerational, ecosystemic and here and now approaches to the family, while utilizing family strengths and competence in therapy.
Play Therapy with Preschoolers Using the Ecosystemic Model skills-building approach in family play therapy with Germayne, his grandmother, and his siblings. Working from the hypothesis that Germayne has not developed the skills he needs to play cooperatively with his.
How Ecosystemic Structural Family Therapy is abbreviated or is used as part of acronym or abbreviation definition? Find out how to abbreviate Ecosystemic Structural Family Therapy and its usage within other abbreviated words and phrases. This casebook uses an ecosystemic approach to integrating different kinds of family therapy.
It includes individual, couples and family therapy as well as interventions such as here-and-now, Read more.
A family who had initially sought the aid of a family therapist for their son Billy’s aggressive behavior revealed over the course of therapy that Jim, the father, had been physically abusive to his wife, Cathy.