Congress passed the Confiscation Act of It also dealt with a problem that had plagued field commanders occupying Southern territory. As troops advanced, slaves sought refuge in Union camps, and Federal commanders were confused over their obligations to the refugees.
Slave states and free states Abraham Lincoln The United States Constitution of did not use the word "slavery" but included several provisions about unfree persons. Article I, Section 9 allowed Congress to pass legislation to outlaw the "Importation of Persons", but not until Maryland did not abolish slavery until and Delaware was one of the last states to hold onto slavery; it was still legal in Delaware when the thirteenth amendment was issued.
MissouriKentucky Free slaves, Maryland and Delawareand so those states were not named in the Proclamation. Coverage[ edit ] The Proclamation applied in the ten states that were still in rebellion inand thus did not cover the nearlyslaves in the slave-holding border states Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland or Delaware which were Union states.
Those slaves were freed by later separate state and federal actions. The state of Tennessee had already mostly returned to Union control, under a recognized Union government, so it was not named and was exempted.
Virginia was named, but exemptions were specified for the 48 counties then in the process of forming the new state of West Virginiaand seven additional counties and two cities in the Union-controlled Tidewater region. These exemptions left unemancipated an additionalslaves.
This act cleared up the issue of contraband slaves. Some 20, to 50, slaves were freed the day it went into effect  in parts of nine of the ten states to which it applied Texas being the exception. The Proclamation provided the legal framework for the emancipation of nearly all four million slaves as the Union armies advanced, and committed the Union to ending slavery, which was a controversial decision even in the North.
Hearing of the Proclamation, more slaves quickly escaped to Union lines as the Army units moved South. As the Union armies advanced through the Confederacy, thousands of slaves were freed each day until nearly all approximately 3.
While the Proclamation had freed most slaves as a war measure, it had not made slavery illegal. Of the states that were exempted from the Proclamation, Maryland,  Missouri,  Tennessee,  and West Virginia  prohibited slavery before the war ended.
InPresident Lincoln proposed a moderate plan for the Reconstruction of the captured Confederate State of Louisiana. The state was also required to abolish slavery in its new constitution.
Identical Reconstruction plans would be adopted in Arkansas and Tennessee. By Decemberthe Lincoln plan abolishing slavery had been enacted in Louisiana. Background[ edit ] Military action prior to emancipation[ edit ] The Fugitive Slave Act of required individuals to return runaway slaves to their owners.
During the war, Union generals such as Benjamin Butler declared that slaves in occupied areas were contraband of war and accordingly refused to return them. As a result, he did not promote the contraband designation.Emancipation Proclamation.
Free the Slaves, Washington, District of Columbia. 49, likes · 12, talking about this · were here. Are you willing to live in a world with slavery?/5(78). Free the Slaves was born in the early days of the new millennium, dedicated to alerting the world about slavery’s global comeback and to catalyze a resurgence of the abolition movement.
Slavery has been outlawed everywhere, but it has not been eradicated.
Free the Slaves liberates slaves and changes the conditions that allow slavery to persist. We launched in to sound the alarm that slavery still exists, why it does, where it is worst, and to galvanize a worldwide response.3/5.
Two years of fighting changed what the war was about.
Beginning in , the North no longer fought only to save the Union but also to end slavery. Ending slavery was the only way to win the war and not have to fight again.
Freedmen, The Freed Slaves of the Civil War Freedmen was the term given to those slaves who became free men after the U.S. Congress .