Rand first made her name as a novelist, publishing We the LivingThe Fountainheadand her magnum opus Atlas Shrugged These philosophical novels embodied themes she subsequently developed in nonfiction form in a series of essays and books written in the s and s. Petersburg, Russia, on February 2,Rand was raised in a middle-class family. As a child, she loved storytelling, and at age nine she decided to become a writer.
This essay was written for my English class and is not free use. There are many things that can be done about this issue, however much of the world is torn between wanting to help and not knowing how to go about it.
He argues that people in general do want to help those less fortunate, but rarely ever actually attempt to do so. Everyone knows of charities, and knows that they use the money they are given to help the poor and needy, but not many people actually take the time to donate and make a difference.
While your clothing getting muddy is regretful, the child losing his or her life would be morally outrageous, and therefore the clothing should be sacrificed in order to save the life of the child. People see it as an option rather than an obligation.
He postulates that helping people should not be an option, but an obligation, and that there should be consequences such as jail time or tickets, for not giving. Therefore, drastic measures must be taken to ensure the survival of our species and planet.
For the sake of his hypothesis, the lifeboat contains fifty people, with room for an additional ten. The boat swamps, everyone drowns. As a result of this fact, Hardin reasons that it is the rational thing to do is to preserve the safety factor that we in the lifeboat already have, knowing that without the ten other people, there is plenty of room for us.
As a result, those in the lifeboat will simply buckle down and have to be on the watch for boarding parties. Hardin uses many real world examples to illustrate why people should keep the lifeboat to themselves.
One of his major points is the inevitable failure of the Food For Peace initiative that occurred between andwherein U. Taxpayers spent a total of over seven billion dollars on the program, and rather than helping the poor, instead it wound up putting money in the pockets of U. Hardin claims that this would only be repeated with the hypothetical World Food Bank — an international depository of food reserves to which nations would contribute according to their abilities and draw from according to their needs.
Another issue that Hardin addresses is the growth rate of the human population, and how the affluent reproduce at a much slower rate than the poor. Hence the threat of being swamped should aid be offered.
Hardin also sites immigration as a problem. Immigration, looked at in his invented instance of the lifeboat, is like the boarding parties he envisions. Quantity is the issue, not bigotry or racism, and too many people in the lifeboat will simply cause it to capsize.
He also mentions that justice is a craving that most people have. We prefer rules and morals that are unchanged by the time and place, and yet our world simply does not work that way.Garrett Hardin, however, has taken up the opposing viewpoint in his essay, “Lifeboat Ethics: The Case Against Helping The Poor,” claiming that we are already doing too much to help the poor, and as a result, they do not ever help themselves.
Garrett Hardin in his essay “Lifeboat Ethics: the Case Against Helping the Poor” argues that not only is resource sharing is unrealistic, but that it is also detrimental since it stretches the few finite resources available to the point of ruin. Updated 24 November, Lifeboat Ethics: the Case Against Helping the Poor by Garrett Hardin, Psychology Today, September For copyright permission, click here..
Environmentalists use the metaphor of the earth as a "spaceship" in trying to persuade countries, industries and people to stop wasting and polluting our natural resources. Garrett Hardin introduces the lifeboat ethics, which is in complete antithesis to the humanism of helping people in need.
To state his point of view, the author makes the metaphor of a lifeboat and divides the world into rich nations and poor nations. Ayn Rand (—) Ayn Rand was a major intellectual of the twentieth century.
Born in Russia in and educated there, she immigrated to the United States after graduating from university. Garrett Hardin argues for a very harsh thesis: we simply should not provide aid to people in poor countries.
His argument is consequentialist: he claims that the net result of doing so would be negative -- would in fact be courting large-scale disaster.