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At the end of the seventh century, a delegation from Japan requested that Nihon be used as the name of their country.
This name may have its origin in a letter sent in and recorded in the official history of the Sui dynasty. The Nara period is characterized by the appearance of a nascent literature as well as the development of Buddhist-inspired art and architecture.
This marked the beginning of the Heian period —during which a distinctly indigenous Japanese culture emerged, noted for its artpoetry and prose. Murasaki Shikibu 's The Tale of Genji and the lyrics of Japan's national anthem " Kimigayo " were written during this time.
Feudal era Samurai warriors facing Mongols during the Mongol invasions of Japan ; SuenagaJapan's feudal era was characterized by the emergence and dominance of a ruling class of warriors, the samurai. The Zen school of Buddhism was introduced from China in the Kamakura period — and became popular among the samurai class.
Emperor Go-Daigo was himself defeated by Ashikaga Takauji in Ashikaga Takauji established the shogunate in Muromachi, Kyoto.
This was the start of the Muromachi period — The Ashikaga shogunate achieved glory at the age of Ashikaga Yoshimitsuand the culture based on Zen Buddhism the art of Miyabi prospered. This evolved to Higashiyama Cultureand prospered until the 16th century.
His consolidation of power began what was known as the Azuchi—Momoyama period — After Nobunaga was assassinated in by Akechi Mitsuhidehis successor Toyotomi Hideyoshi unified the nation in and launched two unsuccessful invasions of Korea in and Tokugawa Ieyasu served as regent for Hideyoshi's son and used his position to gain political and military support.
When open war broke out, Ieyasu defeated rival clans in the Battle of Sekigahara in The Edo period also gave rise to kokugaku "national studies"the study of Japan by the Japanese.
Subsequent similar treaties with Western countries in the Bakumatsu period brought economic and political crises. The Meiji Restoration transformed the Empire of Japan into an industrialized world power that pursued military conflict to expand its sphere of influence.
Although France and Britain showed some interest, the European powers largely ignored Japan and instead concentrated on the much greater attractions of China.
France was also set back by its failures in Mexico and defeat by the Germans. This process accelerated during the s, spawning a number of new Radical Nationalist groups which shared a hostility to liberal democracy and a dedication to expansion in Asia.
Japanese expansionism and militarization along with the totalitarianism and ultranationalism reshaped the country. In Japan invaded and occupied Manchuria and following international condemnation of this occupationit quit the League of Nations in After Allied victories across the Pacific during the next four years, which culminated in the Soviet invasion of Manchuria and the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki inJapan agreed to an unconditional surrender on August The Allies led by the United States repatriated millions of ethnic Japanese from colonies and military camps throughout Asia, largely eliminating the Japanese empire and restoring the independence of its conquered territories.
InJapan adopted a new constitution emphasizing liberal democratic practices. The Allied occupation ended with the Treaty of San Francisco in  and Japan was granted membership in the United Nations in Japan later achieved rapid growth to become the second-largest economy in the world, until surpassed by China in This ended in the mids when Japan suffered a major recession.
In the beginning of the 21st century, positive growth has signaled a gradual economic recovery. Geography of Japan and Geology of Japan The Japanese archipelago as seen from satellite Japan has a total of 6, islands extending along the Pacific coast.
The main islands, from north to south, are HokkaidoHonshuShikoku and Kyushu. The Ryukyu Islandswhich include Okinawaare a chain to the south of Kyushu. Together they are often known as the Japanese archipelago.
It doesn't have land borders.
Japan is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. They are primarily the result of large oceanic movements occurring over hundreds of millions of years from the mid-Silurian to the Pleistocene as a result of the subduction of the Philippine Sea Plate beneath the continental Amurian Plate and Okinawa Plate to the south, and subduction of the Pacific Plate under the Okhotsk Plate to the north.A fat tax is a tax or surcharge that is placed upon fattening food, beverages or on overweight individuals.
It is considered an example of Pigovian taxation.A fat tax aims to discourage unhealthy diets and offset the economic costs of obesity..
A fat tax aims to decrease the consumption of foods that are linked to obesity.A related idea is to tax . The two companies could be set to refight a fighter battle Northrop lost nearly 30 years ago.
Jury out on zinc supplementation for autism risk, says study.
Nov By Will Chu. A ‘mechanistic link’ may explain the onset of autism and a deficiency zinc during early development, in which researchers remain undecided as to the benefits of zinc supplementation. Bloomberg delivers business and markets news, data, analysis, and video to the world, featuring stories from Businessweek and Bloomberg News.
A fat tax is a tax or surcharge that is placed upon fattening food, beverages or on overweight individuals. It is considered an example of Pigovian taxation.A fat tax aims to discourage unhealthy diets and offset the economic costs of obesity..
A fat tax aims to decrease the consumption of foods that are linked to obesity.A related idea is to tax foods that are linked to increased risk of. According to foreign media reports, researchers at Purdue University and the University of Iowa after research and investigation found a large number of new vulnerabilities in the 4G LTE network, they can peeping user information, tapping their phones, making the device offline or even false Emergency alert.