History[ edit ] The earliest documentation of critical thinking are the teachings of Socrates recorded by Plato. Socrates established the fact that one cannot depend upon those in "authority" to have sound knowledge and insight. He demonstrated that persons may have power and high position and yet be deeply confused and irrational.
Seizing the Initiative Through Creative Thinking Versus Reacting to the Enemy local copyby Grothe, SAMS paper, Leadership must be committed to learning, underwrite experimentation, and create an environment that generates creative thought and innovation.
Doctrine must incorporate more aspects of innovation, creative and critical thinking and innovative leadership. The most critical area the Army must focus change in is within Professional Military Education for field grade officers.
When words represent some indistinct idea, they are susceptible to reinvention or distortion with potentially significant unintended consequences.
Critical thinking is the process of independently analyzing, synthesizing, and evaluating information as a guide to behavior and beliefs. The American Philosophical Association has defined critical thinking as "the process of purposeful, self-regulatory judgment. The process gives reasoned. Critical Thinking is an Extension of Critical Reading. Thinking critically, in the academic sense, involves being open-minded - using judgement and discipline to process what you are learning about without letting your personal bias or opinion detract from the arguments. The main purpose of the present study is to review and analyze the relationship between reading comprehension and critical thinking. The specific theatrical issues being discussed include schema.
Innovation Starvationby Stephenson, in World Policy Journal, Fall Still, I worry that our inability to match the achievements of the s space program might be symptomatic of a general failure of our society to get big things done. The vast and radical innovations of the midth century took place in a world that, in retrospect, looks insanely dangerous and unstable.
In short, a world where big stuff can never get done. Thinking Critically and Creatively and How Military Professionals Can Do it Betterby McConnell et al, in Small Wars Journal, 16 Sep This essay will summarize how cognitive theorists have described critical and creative thinking in general, and how some military practitioners have applied them.
In doing so, this essay will propose principles of critical and creative thinking applicable to the military profession to provide a common vocabulary that describes the type of thinking we do.
To expand and improve critical and creative thinking, military professionals need a common vocabulary that accurately describes the very thinking we are to expand and improve on. Do schools kill creativity? Bring on the learning revolution! How to escape education's death valleya TED.
In a funny, stirring talk he tells us how to get out of the educational "death valley" we now face, and how to nurture our youngest generations with a climate of possibility. What schools are encouraged to do is to find out what kids can do across a very narrow spectrum of achievement.
Our children and teachers are encouraged to follow routine algorithms rather than to excite that power of imagination and curiosity. Instead, what we have is a culture of standardization. Seth Godin Seth Godin: Quieting the Lizard Braina 99u video "Bestselling author and entrepreneur Seth Godin outlines a common creative affliction: Godin targets our "lizard brain" as the source of these primal doubts, and implores us to "thrash at the beginning" of projects so that we can ship on time and on budget.
How to get your ideas to spread - a TED talk you may need to watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked "In a world of too many options and too little time, our obvious choice is to just ignore the ordinary stuff. Marketing guru Seth Godin spells out why, when it comes to getting our attention, bad or bizarre ideas are more successful than boring ones" other TED.
It's not important how clever individuals are, he says; what really matters is how smart the collective brain is. Matt Ridley argues that, through history, the engine of human progress and prosperity has been, and is, "ideas having sex with each other.
The key to growth? Race with the machines - a TED talk you may need to watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked "As machines take on more jobs, many find themselves out of work or with raises indefinitely postponed. Is this the end of growth?
Be sure to watch the opposing viewpoint from Robert Gordon. Are we witnessing the end of growth? Economist Robert Gordon lays out 4 reasons US growth may be slowing, detailing factors like epidemic debt and growing inequality, which could move the US into a period of stasis we can't innovate our way out of.
Be sure to watch the opposing viewpoint from Erik Brynjolfsson.
Your elusive creative genius - a TED talk you may need to watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked "Elizabeth Gilbert muses on the impossible things we expect from artists and geniuses -- and shares the radical idea that, instead of the rare person "being" a genius, all of us "have" a genius.
It's a funny, personal and surprisingly moving talk. How to build your creative confidence - a TED talk you may need to watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked "Is your school or workplace divided into "creatives" versus practical people?The main purpose of the present study is to review and analyze the relationship between reading comprehension and critical thinking.
The specific theatrical issues being discussed include schema. Critical Reading v. Critical Thinking We can distinguish between critical reading and critical thinking in the following way: Critical reading is a technique for discovering information and ideas within a text.
Critical thinking is a technique for. Critical Thinking Activities for Kids. Kids are open and willing to learn new fundamental skills as long as they are taught in a fun and entertaining manner. Critical thinking, however, allows us to better word our thoughts, making our paragraph more concise and usable.
When writing a piece, and even when reading someone else's writing, critical thinking comes into play throughout the activity. It is important in critical writing that the writing critical thinker engaged in self-assessment and self-improvement.
The various levels of thinking are all assessed, for validity, precision, accuracy and context. There should be integrity to the whole writing process. Dr. Richard Paul is founder of the Foundation for Critical Thinking and director of research and professional development at the Center for Critical initiativeblog.com is an internationally recognized authority on critical thinking, with nine books and more than articles on the subject.