Several precursors to the punk subculture had varying degrees of influence on that culture. Art and philosophy[ edit ] A number of philosophical and artistic movements were influences on and precursors to the punk movement. The most overt is anarchismespecially its artistic inceptions.
List of punk films Joe Strummer concert footage from the movie, TV, and radio service Punkcast Many punk-themed films have been made. The No Wave Cinema and Remodernist film movements owe much to punk aesthetics.
Derek Jarman and Don Letts are notable punk filmmakers. Loren Cass is another example of the punk subculture represented in film. Originally used experimentally and as a cheap high, adult disgust and hostility encouraged punks to use glue sniffing as a way of shocking society.
Glue was typically inhaled by placing a quantity in a plastic bag and "huffing" inhaling the vapour. Liquid solvents were typically inhaled by soaking a rag with the solvent The punk subculture inhaling the vapour. While users inhale solvents for the intoxicating effects, the practice can be harmful or fatal.
Straight edge A straight edge tattoo Straight edge is a philosophy of hardcore punk culture whose adherents refrain from using alcohol, tobacco, and other recreational drugs, in reaction The punk subculture the excesses of punk subculture.
Since then, a wide variety of beliefs and ideas have been associated with the movement, including vegetarianism and animal rights. Disagreements often arise as to the primary reasons for living straight edge.
Straight edge politics are primarily left-wing and revolutionary but there have been conservative offshoots. By the early s, militant straight edge was a well-known part of the wider punk scene. Compared to some subcultures, punk ideology is much closer to gender equality.
Although the punk subculture is mostly anti-racistit is overwhelmingly white.
Violence has also sometimes appeared in the punk subculture, but has been opposed by some subsets of the subculture, such as the pacifist strain anarcho-punk. Punks often form a local scene, which can have as few as half a dozen members in a small town, or as many as thousands of in a major city.
A typical punk scene is made up of punk and hardcore bands, fans who attend concerts, protests, and other events, zine publishers, reviewers, and other writers, visual artists illustrating zines, and creating posters and album covers, show promoters, and people who work at music venues or independent record labels.
Squats in abandoned or condemned housing, and communal " punk houses " often provide bands a place to stay while they are touring. The Internet has been playing an increasingly large role in punk, specifically in the form of virtual communities and file sharing programs for trading music files.
In the punk subculture, the epithet poseur or "poser" is used to describe "a person who habitually pretends to be something [they are] not.
An article in Drowned in Sound argues that s-era " hardcore is the true spirit of punk", because "after all the poseurs and fashionistas fucked off to the next trend of skinny pink ties with New Romantic haircuts, singing wimpy lyrics", the punk scene consisted only of people "completely dedicated to the DIY ethics".
Proto-punk bands came out of garage-rock during the late s. Usually white working class boys are credited for pioneering the genre, however there were many women and people of color who contributed to the original punk sound and aesthetic.
This is the paradox of punk; as a subculture it must always be evolving in order to stay out of the mainstream. Interactions with other subcultures[ edit ] Glam rockers such as T.
Rexthe New York Dolls and David Bowie had big influences on protopunkearly punk rock, and the crossover subgenre later called glam punk.
Malcolm McLaren played roles in introducing both punk and hip hop to the United Kingdom. Town ConcreteThe Transplants and Refused.
Conversely, ska and reggaepopular among traditionalist skinheadshas influenced several punk musicians. Punks and skinheads have had both antagonistic and friendly relationships, depending on the social circumstances, time period and geographic location.
The early s protopunk scene had an influence on the development of heavy metal. Alice Cooper was a forerunner of the fashion and music of both the punk and metal subcultures.
Genres such as metalcoregrindcore and crossover thrash were greatly influenced by punk rock and heavy metal.The history of the punk subculture involves the history of punk rock, the history of various punk ideologies, punk fashion, punk visual art, punk literature, dance, and punk initiativeblog.com emerging in the United States, the United Kingdom and Australia in the mids, the punk subculture has spread around the globe and evolved into a number of different forms.
The punk subculture is based around punk rock. It emerged from the larger rock music scene in the mid-to-lates in the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Australia, and Japan.
The punk movement has spread around the globe and developed into a number of different forms. Punk culture. initiativeblog.com is a curated music destination for those looking for something outside of the mainstream. News, reviews, forums, articles, and commentary.
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The punk rock subculture began in the United States in the early s as both a continuation and a reaction to the s countercultural movements. Although punk music was largely an American. Punk subculture includes a diverse array of ideologies, fashion, and other forms of expression, visual art, dance, literature and film.
It is largely characterised by anti-establishment views and the promotion of individual freedom, and is centred on a loud, aggressive genre of rock music called punk rock.
Its adherents are referred to as.